Canada is a big place. It spans 6 time zones and borders the Pacific, Arctic, and Atlantic Oceans. Canada divides this vast mass of land into 10 provinces and 3 territories. Thus, each province has its own unique biome and geographical features. Therefore, each will have its own industries and occupations in demand. Additionally, each province has its own government, policies, economy, and educational systems.
This variety between provinces gives immigrants a great deal of choice. All the points mentioned before are important to consider when choosing a place to live. Here we will explain how you should come to a decision. Additionally, we will provide descriptions of each province and what makes them unique.
What Matters When Choosing a Province?
Job Demand – Every province makes profit from different sources. Some are focused on the extraction of natural resources, while others focus on fabrication, and even tourism. Thus, different provinces will need specific occupations more than others. Therefore, your occupation is important in determining which province suits you best. Research what each Province specializes in, and which jobs are in demand.
Education – Your educational needs greatly impact where you should live in Canada. Major Canadian Universities and Colleges are mostly found in Ontario and Quebec. A couple of other provinces like British Columbia and Alberta have only one or two notable institutions. Thus, it would be wise to position yourself accordingly. Likewise, the education system for your children would vary with each province. Therefore, thorough research is recommended.
Cost of Living – Every province in Canada has its own economic needs and policies. Thus, tax rates and costs of products change between provinces. For example, groceries are far more expensive in Nunavut than in Ontario because of the massive transport costs. Luckily, wages also differ to adjust for cost of living. Generally, where it costs more to live, the wages are higher. Therefore, Nunavut has the highest wages in Canada. You can check the current tax rates at the Retail Council of Canada.
Provincial Migratory Programs
If you are immigrating to Canada, it is important to consider how each province can help you in the process. If you are part of a program like Express Entry, then provincial programs can help you raise your CRS score. These provincial immigration programs are referred to as PNPs (Provincial Nomination Programs).
Provinces use PNPs to search for individuals that directly benefit the province. Thus, you can often find PNPs that search for in-demand jobs, people that speak French, and a variety of other requirements. Every province has about 80 different PNPs running at a time, giving you plenty of choice and research. If you’d like to learn all about PNPs you can read this article.
An Overview of Each Province
- British Columbia
Population: 5.1 million
Big Cities: Vancouver, Victoria, Surrey
Main Industries: Engineering, Agriculture, Natural Gas/Mining, Forestry
Population: 4.4 million
Big Cities: Calgary, Edmonton, Red Deer
Main Industries: Oil and Gas, Mining, Construction, Agriculture
Population: 1.2 million
Big Cities: Saskatoon, Regina, Prince Albert
Main Industries: Aerospace, Manufacturing, Forestry, Oil and Gas
Population: 1.4 million
Big Cities: Winnipeg
Main Industries: Manufacturing, Transport, Biotechnology
Population: 14.6 million
Big Cities: Toronto, Ottawa, Hamilton
Main Industries: Fabrication, Biotechnology, Automotive
Population: 8.5 million
Big Cities: Montréal, Québec, Ottawa-Gatineau
Main Industries: Manufacturing, Mining, Engineering, Telecommunication, Tourism
- Newfoundland and Labrador
Population: 520 thousand
Big Cities: St. John’s
Main Industries: Mining, Manufacturing, Fishing
- New Brunswick
Population: 777 thousand
Big Cities: Moncton, Fredericton, Saint John
Main Industries: Aerospace, Fishing, Forestry, Oil and Gas
- Prince Edward Island
Population: 157 thousand
Big Cities: Charlottetown
Main Industries: Fishing, Agriculture, Aerospace
- Nova Scotia
Population: 971 thousand
Big Cities: Halifax
Main Industries: Fishing, Agriculture, Manufacture, Film and TV
Population: 42 thousand
Big Cities: Whitehorse
Main Industries: Energy, Fishing, Hunting
- Northwest Territories
Population: 45 thousand
Big Cities: Yellowknife
Main Industries: Tourism, Fishing, Hunting
Population: 39 thousand
Big Cities: Iqualuit
Main Industries: Fishing, Hunting, Mining
Find Your New Home in Canada
Canada is an ever-growing country that always needs new people. It presents immigrants with many different places to live. Your occupation and its demand, as well as education, cost of living and migratory opportunities are determining factors in your choice. At Gentium Immigration we can help you make the right choice. Book a consultation today to begin your journey. We hope to hear from you soon!