Canadian Citizenship

The moment has come, and you are ready to become a citizen! You have waited many years for this day to come and are now ready to start your process to become a Canadian citizen and travel proudly with your Canadian passport.

The Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) is the federal department that handles processing of applications for those looking to obtain the Canadian citizenship.

Each year, over 100,000 people become Canadian citizens. In 2018, 176,478 people became naturalized citizens, up from 106, 373 the previous year. Each year Canada welcomes over 200,000 permanent residents, who will later be in line to qualify for Canadian citizenship. In 2020, Canada projects to admit 341,000 permanent residents.

Are you eligible to apply for your Canadian citizenship? 

You must fulfil all the requirements below: 

  • be a permanent resident
  • have lived in Canada for 1,095 days in the last 5 years
  • have filed your taxes, if you need to
  • pass a test on your rights, responsibilities and knowledge of Canada
  • prove your language skills (English or French) 

Depending on your situation, there may be additional requirements.

If your application is incomplete it will be returned to you by the IRCC. 

Who needs to write the citizenship test? 

Your age and situation EXAM  INTERVIEW
Adult 18 - 54 years of age YES YES
Adult 55 and over NO YES
Minor under the age of 18 with a Canadian parent or applying at the same time NO No, with some exceptions
Minor 14 - 17 without a Canadian parent or a parent applying at the same time NO YES
Minor under 14 without a Canadian parent or a parent applying at the same time  NO No, with some exceptions


How much are the Canadian Citizenship fees? 

Applicant Fees
Adult (18 and over) $630.00 CAD
Stateless adult (18 or over) born to a Canadian parent $100.00 CAD
Minor (Under 18) $100.00 CAD


What is the test about? 

The exam is there to show the Canadian government what the person applying to become Canadian knows about Canada. It contains 20 questions about the rights and responsibilities of being Canadian citizens: 

Subjects that will be tested:

  • Canadian symbols 
  • Canadian laws
  • Canadian economy
  • Canadian Geography
  • Canadian History
  • Canadian government 

The exam can be taken in English or French. It is 30 minutes long and composed of multiple choice and true or false questions. 

You need to obtain a minimum of 15/20 to pass the exam. The test can be in written or in oral form. 

After the exam you will have an interview with an officer who will: 

  • Provide you with the results (if you took a test)
  • Check your language skills (English or French) if you are between the ages of 18 and 54
  • Verify your application and documents

If and when you pass you will be given a date for your citizenship ceremony either the same day or by mail. 

Do I have to renounce my original citizenship from my home country ?

No. Canada does not have any restrictions on dual citizenship, however you will need to check the laws of your home country to ensure that they allow you to obtain a second citizenship. 

What can Gentium Immigration do for you? 

We know how important this moment is for you! We have been there too! Getting it right the first time is essential. We are here to support you the whole way!

Services we offer for citizenship: 

  • Full legal representation on your application
    • We take care of all the forms 
    • We take care of all communication with the government 
    • We take care of all the required documents 
  • Preparation for citizenship exam 
    • Personalized classes for individuals, couples and familie
  • French preparation classes 
    • Personalized classes for individuals, couples and families 
  • English conversation practices 
    • Personalized classes for individuals, couples and families

All you need to do is trust us with your process and we take care of everything for you!